- Dualism – yes
- beast vs. Lamb
- Pessimism – nope
- The death, resurrection, and glorification of Christ destroys pessimism.
- Determinism – absolutely no
- No prearranged history
- We have free will
- What we do matters
- Imagery – are you kidding?
- Recapitulation – yes, yes, at least 5 times yes!
- Suffering – sadly, yes – for many
- Pseudonymous – No. John writes as himself
- He does reposition himself in an earlier time to talk about the past as if it is the future.
- God as Creator – completely
- Creation is affected by evil and God’s judgement, but never totally destroyed
- God as Covenant-Maker – Dang skippy!
- God renews His covenant – Rev 21:3-4
- “And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, ‘Look! God’s dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4 ‘He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death’[b] or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.’”
- A new Israel/people – Yes.
- The church is the bride of the Lamb
- An ideal King/Messiah – 100% YES!
- The Lamb who was slain, the King of kings, the Lord of lords.
- The end of evil – definitely!
- That is the great hope of Revelation
Taken from Answers For Chicken Little: A No-Nonsense Look at the Book of Revelation by Dan Boone
Eight Characteristics of Apocalyptic Writing
A line drawn in the sand between two opposing forces. – God vs, Satan, Light vs. Darkness, the Lamb vs. the Beast
Also includes an element of time: Present evil age vs. the coming reign of God
- Doom & gloom – all is lost – we have been forsaken and left for dead
- The idea that God has already made up His mind about how history will unfold.
- End is known before the beginning
- Just get in line and let everything play out
- Apocalyptic literature is loaded with imagery
- Revelation loaded with imagery
- Blood flowing from horses’ reins
- Angels dumping bowls of fire onto the earth
- Images have great meaning – but are not to be taken literally.
- Numbers, numbers and more numbers
- Numbers have meaning beyond their numerical value
- 7= wholeness, completeness
- 666 = the name of the beast
- 12, 24, 144,000 = the people of God
- Going over the same subject repeatedly with variation
- Revelation revisits the same theme at least five times
- Apocalyptic literature is always written when things are going bad
- It’s a cry from the bottom of the pile
- Suffering of the seven churches birthed Revelation
- Writer uses someone else’s name
- Someone who lived in the past
- Someone with a lot of credibility
Six Characteristics of Prophetic Literature
- God as Creator
- The prophets connected the God of the beginning with the God of the ending.
- The God we see in Revelation makes all things new.
- He finishes what He started.
- God as Covenant Maker
- Prophets knew that God works in and through His people
- Through a lineage of failed kings, God will bring His Messiah.
- Prophets are optimistic
- They always have hope because salvation comes from God
- A New Israel/People of God
- The prophets – and John too – celebrate God’s intent to create for Himself a people who worship Him in spirit and in truth.
- An Ideal King/Messiah
- God would establish a ruler to lead His people
- The Spirit of the Lord would rest on Him
- He would rule in wisdom and power
- A Rebuilt Temple
- The prophets always looked forward to a rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem.
- Because that is all they knew.
- Acts 7:48
- “…the Most High does not live in houses made by human hands.”
- Revelation 21:22 – John describes a new Jerusalem with no temple
- The End of Evil
- The prophets imagined a day when evil would no longer exist.
- Evil destroyed
- Lambs lie down with lions
- Apocalyptic writers looked for the end of history
- Prophetic writers looked for the end of evil within history.
Finally – we can’t ignore that John wrote his revelation in the form of a letter to the seven churches.
- He opens (1:4-7) and concludes (22:21) as he would a letter.
This is a further reminder to read it in context first.
Taken from Answers for Chicken Little: A No-Nonsense Look at the Book of Revelation by Dan Boone